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principles of biotechnology ppt

principles of biotechnology


biotechnology defined

uses of microorganisms in applied ares of biotechnology?

Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).  Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with the (related) fields of bioengineering,biomedical engineeringbiomanufacturingmolecular engineering, etc.

For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculturefood production, and medicine.[2] The term is largely believed to have been coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Károly Ereky. In the late 20th and early 21st century, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences such as genomics,recombinant gene techniques, applied immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests.

The wide concept of "biotech" or "biotechnology" encompasses a wide range of procedures for modifying living organisms according to human purposes, going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of the plants, and "improvements" to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. Modern usage also includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. The American Chemical Society defines biotechnology as the application of biological organisms, systems, or processes by various industries to learning about the science of life and the improvement of the value of materials and organisms such as pharmaceuticals, crops, and livestock. As per European Federation of Biotechnology, Biotechnology is the integration of natural science and organisms, cells, parts thereof, and molecular analogues for products and services.  Biotechnology also writes on the pure biological sciences (animal cell culturebiochemistrycell biologyembryologygeneticsmicrobiology, and molecular biology). In many instances, it is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of biology including:

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